Saudi Summit Begins Amid Boycott

Saudi Summit Begins Amid Boycott

Saudi Arabia’s investment conference has gone ahead, with many boycotting the event. The Future Investment Initiative (FII) was due to feature 150 high-profile speakers from 140 firms.

But some 40 participants are understood to have pulled out amid allegations the country was behind Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi’s killing.

Prominent Saudi critic Khashoggi vanished on 2 October after visiting the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.

Turkish authorities allege he was killed in the building by Saudi agents. On Monday, Saudi Arabia blamed Khashoggi’s death on a “rogue operation”.

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BBC Middle East journalist Sebastian Usher, who is in Riyadh, says while the big names may have pulled out, hundreds are still attending – in some cases representing the very companies whose bosses decided it was no longer expedient for them to attend.

Our reporter says the talk among delegates is of pragmatism, that there is a big future at stake in Saudi Arabia and this obstacle however shocking and overwhelming – will eventually be overcome.

The FII is a three-day event from 23 to 25 October organised by Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund.

The conference is a forum for business figures, politicians and civic society groups to discuss topics related to economic development, including technology, global governance and the environment.

The first FII, held last year, featured discussions on artificial intelligence, cryptocurrencies and climate change.

Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman also announced the investment of $500bn (£381bn) in a new city and business zone.

The conference aims to attract more foreign investment into Saudi Arabia and is an opportunity for companies to build relationships and secure lucrative contracts in the Kingdom.

It’s part of the country’s “2020 Vision”, an economic plan to diversify Saudi Arabia’s economy and reduce its reliance on oil revenues.

The Kingdom is currently one of the world’s largest oil producers but foreign investment has dropped in recent years. According to the UN, investments came to just $1.4bn last year, down from $12.2bn in 2012.

Organisers said more than 150 speakers and moderators were due to attend the event.

At least 40 attendees have said they’ll no longer be going. These include the chief executives of JP Morgan, Siemens and Blackrock, and IMF head Christine Lagarde, many of whom attended the event when it was first held last year.

Sir Richard Branson has also halted talks over a $1bn (£756m) Saudi investment in Virgin.

Several media outlets have withdrawn their support too, including Bloomberg, CNN and the Financial Times.

A page with a full list of confirmed speakers has been removed from the conference’s website.

Consultancy firms McKinsey, PWC, Ernst & Young, Deloitte, BCG, Oliver Wyman, and Bain & Company are all named as sponsors of the event, along with research company SWFI.

None responded to questions about whether or not they had plans to withdraw. The majority of initially-confirmed speakers are still attending including Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan, PepsiCo’s vice-chairman Mohmood Khan and George Atta, global smart city leader at Ernst & Young.

The BBC also understands that while several high-profile guests have withdrawn their support, representatives from their businesses will still be present at the conference.

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